DEFINITION OF IMMUNIZATION:
This is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. However, vaccine stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.
NEED FOR VACCINATION:
Vaccines are essential to strengthen a person’s immune system so that their bodies can fight infectious diseases; taking vaccines at the right time can benefit the society by preventing the spread of an infectious disease.
IMPORTANCE OF IMMUNIZATION FOR MOTHER
- Maternal immunization can protect the mother directly against vaccine-preventable infections and provide a cocooning effect that can potentially protect the fetus.
- It can also provide further direct fetal/infant protection against infection via the transport of specific antibodies to the fetus prior to birth.
- Pregnant women who aren’t up to date with their immunization may be at higher exposure to disease that can harm both mother and unborn child.
- To prevent high rate of hospitalization, cardiopulmonary complications and death compared to the general public.
- It prevents the mother from high risk influenza related morbidity and mortality.
IMPORTANCE OF IMMUNIZATION FOR CHILD
- IMMUNIZATION CAN SAVE YOUR CHILD’S LIFE: Because of advancement in medical science, your child can be protected against more diseases than ever before. Some diseases that once maimed or killed thousands of children, have been eliminated completely while others are close to extinction; Polio (a disease once feared, causing death and paralysis across the world) is one example of the positive impact that vaccines have had across the world, but today thanks to vaccination, its mortality has been reduced or totally eradicated in some parts of the world.
- VACCINATION IS VERY SAFE AND EFFECTIVE: Vaccines are only given to children after a long and careful review by scientists. Vaccines will involve some form of discomfort and may cause pain, redness or tenderness at the site of injection, but this is minimal compared to the pain, discomfort and trauma of diseases these vaccines prevent. Serious side effects following vaccination such as: – severe allergic reaction are very rare. The disease-prevention benefits of getting vaccines are much greater than the possible side effects for almost all children.
- VACCINATION CAN SAVE YOUR FAMILY TIME AND MONEY: – A child with a vaccine-preventable disease can be denied attendance at school or child care facilities. Some vaccine-preventable disease can result in prolonged disabilities and can take a financial toll because of lost time at work, medical bills or long-term disability care. In contrast, getting vaccinated against these diseases is a good investment and usually covered by insurance.
- IMMUNIZATION PROTECTS FUTURE GENERATIONS: – Vaccines have reduced and in some cases eliminated many diseases that killed or severely disabled people. For example, Small Pox vaccination eradicated the disease worldwide. Your children don’t have to get small pox shots anymore because the disease no longer exists. By vaccinating children against Rubella (German Disease), the risk that pregnant women will pass this virus on to their fetus or newborn and birth defects associated with the virus was drastically reduced.
However, if we continue vaccinating now and vaccinate completely, parents in the future may be able to trust some diseases of today will no longer be around to harm the children in the future.
- IMMUNIZATION PROTECTS OTHERS YOU CARE ABOUT: – We have seen resurgences of measles and whooping cough (Pertussis) over the past few years. Since 2010, there have been between 10,000 and 50,000 cases of whooping cough each year which many died from because they were too young to be fully vaccinated. While some babies are too young to be protected by vaccination, others may not be able to receive certain vaccinations due to severe allergies, weakened immune system from conditions like leukemia or other reasons.
Hence, to help keep them safe, it is Important that you and your children who are able to get vaccinated are fully immunized. This not only protects your family, but also helps prevent the spread of these disease to friends and loved ones.
S/N/M. MODINAT AWOPEJU
MERCY GROUP CLINICS, ABEOKUTA, OGUN STATE.